The Four Fundamental Types of Connectivity Explained

by Danny Boyle, on October 3, 2018

The Four Fundamental Types of Connectivity Explained
Looking globally, there are many different type of connectivity solutions, but here in the UK we mainly have roughly about 4 fundamental offerings that spreads across 6-7 major internet providers such as BT, TalkTalk, Virgin & Vodafone, which relate to all types of businesses and home owners.


What are the differences and what’s available to business clients?



Stands for Asymmetric Digital Subscriber Line. If you’re like me then you will never have heard it mentioned like that way before, but I suppose we all learn one new thing every day. Moving on, this was the first real step the UK took to quash all those painful memories of dial-up. This upgrade meant that not only could we make a phone call at the same time as surfing the internet, but the speed improved massively.

From a maximum speed of 56kbit/s with Dial-Up, ADSL1 offered 8Mbit/s which soon got upgraded to the majority of UK customers to ADSL2+ boasting a download speed of 24Mbit/s.

As huge as this was for the businesses of Britain, the ‘Need for Speed’ was not long replaced a few years later - Fibre-Optic. The current ‘Golden Chalice’ for the majority of businesses and residential customers.


The minute it was available, businesses flocked to this brand-new much-needed technology, so much so that all the internet providers struggled to keep up with demands as they had to send engineers all over, area by area to physically install that little green box at the end of the road to allow people to upgrade. Annual waiting lists and upgrading queues were introduced as there were simply not enough slot & engineers to go around for everyone in each area. Now ‘Fibre’ has been around for a few years and settled down, businesses have a lot more choice about what is available to them:


FTTC (Fibre-to-the-Cabinet)

Also known as super-fast broadband has now been split into 2 but it couldn’t be any easier to explain. FTTC has a max speed of 80mb/s but a lot of UK providers have split this in half to offer a sub-option (also known as Fibre 1) for businesses where internet speeds are capped at 40mb/s. Perfect for businesses who’s demand for speed and service isn’t needed but not the be all and end all for you or their operation.


FTTP (Fibre-to-the-Premises)

Confusingly also known as super-fast broadband too. The main difference is that instead of your cabling going to a communal green box on your road, a cable is ran directly into your premises. Usually involving quite a large financial involving, this service is normally found in larger companies and also shared business environments. The speeds here are at an impressive 1,000mb/s.


Lease Line

Is a private circuit dedicated to you. The speed you choose can be whatever you desire, but the monthly charge will greatly differ depending on your choice. Installation charges are also required so it’s important to do all the research you can before having this as a serious solution for your business. This method of internet due to it’s costing is slowly being replaced by the much more affordable FTTP option, but there are still really big corporations and businesses that need this as a standard due to their workload as the connection is a constant 1:1 with zero/no downtime.


All that being said, choosing the right internet speed and service for you and your business/home is firstly down to what choices you have available, then followed by how what speed and service you NEED and what you require the internet for on a daily basis.


Learn more about our Connectivity offerings today and you can even download our full price book online.